Artifact Collection

For some years previous to 1905, the matter as to what would become of the flags, books and relics of the Post when the last member answered his last roll call was actively debated. A committee was formed from the Post and met with the Library Trustees to discuss securing a room in the building to house the artifacts and serve as a Post meeting room. An agreement was signed February 1, 1906. To furnish the room in keeping with the building decor, the Post spent over $1,100 on furniture and cabinets to house their relics.

“When every veteran of the Espy Post has answered his last roll call, we leave for our children and their children, this room full of relics hoping they may be as proud of them as we are, and that they may see that they are protected and cared for – for all time.”

Capt. Thomas Espy: Presented to Post by McClure Mason, at a public meeting in W.C.T.U. Hall, Creek Avenue, Carnegie, Pa., June 26, 1899. Presentation address was made by Judge F. H. Collier, late Colonel 139th Reg., Pa. Vols., and Brev. Brig. Gen., U. S. V., and was received for the Post by Judge J. F. Slagle, late Major 149th Reg. Pa. Vols. Captain Espy Enlisted July 4, 1861, as Captain Co. H, 62nd Regiment., Pennsylvania Volunteers. The uniform pictured is that of Espy while Captain of the Upper St. Clair Guards. Captain Espy was mortally wounded at the battle of Gains Mills, Va., June 27, 1862; was taken prisoner and died at Gains Mills, Va., July 6, 1862. At the organization of our Post, December 31, 1879, the Post was named Capt. Thos. Espy Post. (Item 1)

Bible: Presented to the Post by Co. K, 14th Reg., N.G.P. (National Guard, Pennsylvania), in our Post Room, March 15, 1883. The presentation address was made by Rev. Beacom of the M. E. Church; was received for the Post by Rev. Jos. M. Ray of the Baptist Church and Chaplain of the Post. (Item 2)

Commanders Gavel: This item was procured at Gettysburg, Pa. in June 1904. The gavel head, with bullet embedded, is from Devels Den. The wood in the handle is from Spangler’s Springs. (Item 3)

Water Pitcher and Tray: Was presented to Post by David E. Adams, late Capt. Co. C, 123rd Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. (Item 4) MISSING

Items 5, 6 and 7 are charts of the battle of Gettysburg. Were presented to Post by Sergt. Thomas Paxton, Post No. 126, Dept. Pa., G.A.R., March 16, 1882.

Map of the Battle of Gettysburg: 1876, Office of Chief Engineers, U.S. Army. (Item 5)

Map of the Second Day of the Battle of Gettysburg: “Barr’s – Mansfield Valley, Pa” framer.(Item 6)

Map of the Third Day of the Battle of Gettysburg: (Item 7)

First American Flag: Was presented to the Post by John B. Hiles in our Post Room, May 14, 1900. Received on behalf of Post by Adjt. Thos. E. Morgan. (Item 8 )

[Andersonville Prison]

Andersonville Prison: Presented to the Post by Henry Hamma, late Co. C, 63d Regt., Pa. Vol. Infty.; a member of Espy Post. Framed varnished print mounted on canvas of Andersonville Prison; 5’7″ x 3’10 1/2″. (Item 9)

 

Rebel Flags: The different flags used by the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865, procured at Ashville, N.C., by J. J. Brown and presented to the Post by him, July 11, 1898. (Item 10) [Cavalry]

 

Framed print of Cavalry: 1′ 1/2″ x 3′. (Item 11).

Framed print of Artillery: 1895; oak frame 18″ x 28″. (Item 12).

Framed print of Infantry: 1895. (Item 13).

 

Custer’s Last Charge: Presented to the Post by James B. Safford, late Lieut. and Adjt. 10th Ind. Cav., and member of Espy Post. Framed lithograph of 1896, approximately 3′ x 5. (Item 14)

 

McKinley Memorial Certificate: Presented to the Post by W. H. H. Lea. 8″ x 10″ certificate in white mat, 1 1/4″ around, in wood frame, painted silver, 14″ x 16″,.with wood back. (Item 15)

[carbine]

Carbine: Was found under the dead body of a Confederate soldier on the battlefield of Pittsburg Landing, just after the battle, by James McClelland Henderson, then Captain of a U.S. Transport. The carbine was given to Geo. W. Foster by Wm. Henderson, son of Capt. Henderson, on May 13, 1901; was presented to the Post by Geo. W. Foster. Received for the Post by W. H. H. Lea. Sharps Carbine; pat. Oct. 5, 1852, stamped “E. S. Lawrence Pat. Apr. 12th 1859. (Item 16)

Canteen: Was picked up by Wm. P. Mansfield, then a boy eight years old, on the battlefield of Chancellorsville, Va., some time after the battle while in company with his father and grandfather, their home being only 10 miles from the battlefield. The canteen was painted some years ago by his sister, to keep it from rusting. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906, in his possession over 40 years. (Item 17)

[carbine]

Carbine: Was found on the battlefield of Trevilian, Va., by Wm. P. Mansfield, then 10 years old; the battle was with Gen. Sheridan’s Cavalry. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906, after being in his possession for over 40 years. (Item 18)

Saber: Was found on the battlefield of Trevillians, Va., by W. P. Mansfield, then 10 years old; the battle was with Gen. Sheridan’s Cavalry. Was procured from W. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906, after being in his possession for over 40 years. (Item 19) MISSING

 

[various artifacts]

Various Ephemera: Was picked up on the battlefield of Chancellorsville, Wilderness and Trevilian, Va., and are parts of knapsacks, belts, saddles, etc. Secured from Mr. Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906, after being in his possession over 40 years. (Item 20)

Pine Knot with Grape Shot: Pine knot with grape shot embedded was found on the battlefield of Chickamauga, Tenn., in 1900, by A. B. Pitkens of Providence, R.I. Was by him presented to James J. Brown on March 26, 1900. Several years later, when Mr. Brown [was] removing south, he presented it to Dr. R. L. Walker, Sr. Secured from Dr. Walker for Memorial Hall, May, 1906. (Item 89)

Bible: This Bible was sent to Newton H. Phillips, Co. B, 61st Regiment, Pa. Vols., by his wife July, 1864. Was carried by him through the battles of Charleston, Va., August 21, 1864; Winchester, Va., August 21, 1864; Winchester, Va.; September 19, 1864; Fishers Hill, Va., September 22, 1864, and Cedar Creek, Va., October 19, 1864. The Bible was in his knapsack when he was wounded at Cedar Creek, Va. The Bible was brought home with him at the time of his discharge, June 28, 1865. Has been in his possession 44 years. Secured from him and his wife, November, 1908, for Memorial Hall. (Item 127)

Spoon: Silver spoon. Was owned and carried by Thomas N. Lea, Sergt. Co. I, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols. Was used by him daily from November 27, 1861, to December 3, 1864. Was in his possession until his death, March 4, 1899, then came into the possession of Miss Ada Lea, Woodville, Pa., and by her presented to G.A.R. Memorial Room in 1910. (Item 155)

Bullet: This is a Confederate bullet that wounded Corporal John M. Boyce, Co. K, 1st Pa. Cavalry, at the battle of New Hope Church, Va., November 27, 1863. When taken to the hospital and his boot removed, the ball fell on the floor, his pants being inside his boot. The ball, after passing through his leg, had not force left to go through the pants and fell into the boot. Has been in his possession over 47 years. Presented by him to G.A.R. Memorial Hall, March 3, 1911. (Item 161)

Block of Pine Wood: From battlefield of Spottsylvania, Va. This was cut from a tree standing in what is known as the Bloody Angle, the spot where Gen. Hancock made the most terrible fight of the war. A piece of broken shell is embedded in the wood. Was cut from the tree several years after the war. Has been in the possession of Mr. Wm. P. Mansfield over 40 years. Was procured from him January, 1906. (Item 21)

Block of Pine Wood: From the battlefield of Spottsylvania, Va. This was cut from a tree standing in what is known as the Bloody Angle, the spot where Gen. Hancock made the terrible fight of the war. A bullet is embedded in the wood, which was cut from the tree several years after the war, and has been in the possession of Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., over 40 years. Was procured from him January, 1906. Block of wood with shell fragment embedded. (Item 22)

Pine Wood and Bullet: Was secured by W. H. H. Lea in 1881 while visiting the old battlefields of Virginia, while standing on the hillside between the Union and rebel works and directly in front of Fort Steadman, on the ground over which General Gordon charged, March, 1865. Some colored men were cutting wood on the ground. After splitting a cut of the log open, this bullet was found in same and this block was cut out and handed me. After placing the pieces of the log together, we found it to be a rebel bullet. Has been in the possession of W. H. H. Lea 25 years. Secured from him January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. Block of wood containing bullet. (Item 50)

Pipe: Was used by John Keenan, Co. I, 112 Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols. Was brought home when discharged, February 28, 1865. Has been in possession of his family 42 years. Presented to Memorial Hall, April 29, 1907, by his wife, Mrs. Matilda Keenan, No. 328 Rowland Avenue, Carnegie, Pa. Mouthpiece has broken off from the bowl; made of wood with silver shank band; gutta percha mouthpiece. (Item 113)

Granite: Is a chip off Penna. monument in the National Cemetery, Andersonville, Ga. Secured by J. T. Bickell, Co. D, 39th Ind. Vol. Inft., who served six months in Andersonville prison. Given to his son, C. M. Bickell, while visiting his father at Byron, Ga., in 1907. Presented to Memorial Hall by C. M. Bickell, August, 1907. Approximately 3″ x 2″ on brown velvet. (Item 124)

Bullet: Was presented to W. H. H. Lea, Co. I, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols., while attending the dedication of a monument to his Regiment on the battlefield of Cold Harbor, October 20, 1909. This bullet was found by the Superintendent of the Cold Harbor National Cemetery, while clearing the grounds. Placed in Memorial Hall, January, 1910. Appears to be .57 Enfield? Bullet. (Item 157)

Six Bullets: Were secured by W. H. H. Lea, Co. I, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols., while visiting the battlefield of Fredericksburg, Va., October 23, 1909. Had laid on the field for over 40 years. The bullets were collected from different parts of the field. Placed in Memorial Hall January, 1911. One .69 caliber; four .58 caliber; one .54 caliber. (Item 158)

Collection of Bullets: Were picked up on the battlefields of Petersburg, Chapins Farm and Fredericksburg, Va., and Gettysburg, Pa., by W. H. H. Lea, Lieut. Co. I, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols., while visiting these fields in 1884. Have been in his possession 27 years. Presented to G.A.R. Memorial Room, February, 1911. Collection of 17 bullets on burgundy felt consists of 8 unfired .58 caliber minies, 1 Williams cleaner bullet, 7 spent rounds; 1 approximately .25 caliber bullet. Total of 17. (Item 160)

Revolver Holster and Belt: This revolver and fixtures was carried by Joseph Tyler, a member of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, Confederate States Army, Fitzhugh Lee’s Brigade. Was carried by Tyler in the campaigns of 1863 and 1864. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906. Was in his possession over 40 years. (Item 23) MISSING!

Wood Shoe Sole: During the later years of the war, sole leather in the south became very scarce and high, so the bottoms of the shoes worn by the slaves and many of the whites were made of wood; and the uppers, only partially tanned, fashioned out and tacked with carpet tacks. This sole was made for one of the slaves on my father’s place. Wm. H. Mansfield, Sheriff of Spottsylvania Co., Va.; also a member of the 9th Virginia Cavalry. Was procured from W. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906. (Item 24) MISSING!

[cap box]

Haversack: Was found on Wilderness battlefield by Wm. H. Mansfield. On the inside of haversack the name of Frank Griffin, 28th Mass. Vols., is plainly stamped. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906, who was present when found. (Item 25)

 

[various artifacts]

Bridle, Bit and Chain: Bridle, bit and chain. Was found on the battlefield of Trevilian, Va., by Wm. H. Mansfield, Sheriff of Spottsylvania Co., Va., and a member of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 19906. Was in his possession over 40 years. “U.S.” device on each side; chain in herringbone pattern. (Item 26)

Miscellaneous Collection of U.S. and C.S. Relics: A miscellaneous collection of U.S. and C.S. relics. From the battlefield of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania and Travillians, Va. Found by Wm. P. Mansfield, a resident of Spottsylvania Co., Va., now of Washington, D.C. Secured from him January, 1906, and were in his possession over 40 years. (Item 36)

3 U.S. Brass Buttons: Three U.S. brass buttons. Were secured by W. H. H. Lea from Mr. R. Lane, owner of the Crater farm at Petersburg, Va. On this farm the Confederate fort was blown up during the Battle of the Crater on July 30, 1864. The following full description of finding was clipped from the Petersburg paper of April 2, 1910. The paper was sent to W. J. Winstein and by him turned over to W. H. H. Lea, who at once communicated with Mr. Lane, requesting some part of the relics for our Memorial Hall. On July 13, 1910, Mr. Lane forwarded the three buttons. (Item 151)

[crupper]

Saddle Crupper: Was found on the battlefield of Trevilian, Va., by Wm. H. Mansfield, Sheriff of Spottsylvania Co., Va., and a member of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906. Was in his possession over 40 years. #81 stamped on leather on ring end. (Item 27)

[saddle pockets]

U.S. Saddle Pockets: Was found on the battlefield of Trevilian, Va., by Wm. H. Mansfield, Sheriff of Spottsylvania Co., Va., and a member of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906. Was in his possession over 40 years. (Item 28)

 

[saddle pockets]

C.S. Saddle Pockets: Was found on the battlefield of Trevilian, Va., by Wm H. Mansfield, Sheriff of Spottsylvania Co., Va., and a member of the 9th Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A. Was procured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906. Was in his possession over 40 years. (Item 29)

 

[knapsack]Knapsack: Was found on the battlefield of the Wilderness, Va., May, 1864, by Wm. P. Mansfield, near the dead body of a Union soldier. It was bright and new at the time, and for that reason attracted his attention, among hundreds of others scattered through the timbers. Both owner’s name and regiment was stamped on it, but has been faded out by time. Was procured from the finder, Wm. P. Mansfield, of Washington, D.C., January, 1906. Was in his possession over 40 years. (Item 30)

[various artifacts]

Epaulette: “A short time after the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., May, 1863, the slaves from the plantation of GrandfatherRev. James L. Powell and from my father’s plantation, Wm. H. Mansfield, were sent down on the battlefields to gather up clothing and blankets. Near Chancellorsville, house occupied during the early part of the fighting as Gen. Hooker’s quarters, aslave, Uncle Nelson, belonging to my grandfather, pulled out of the weeds and mud a very full and long broadcloth overcoat, with cape attached; on the shoulders of which was this and another epaulette. I witnessed, and though only eight years and four months old, remembered this incident well. The epaulettes were taken from the coat a few days later and given to me, and the coat later cut up and made into a suit for my grandfather, the Rev. James L. Powell, who was a Baptist preacher. The other epaulette, boy like, I cut up and destroyed. The coat was evidently the property of a superior officer, I suppose a member of Gen. Hooker’s staff.” Procured from Mr. Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906, a son of Wm. H. Mansfield and grandson of the Rev. James L. Powell of Spottsylvania Co., Va. (Item 31)

Granite from Little Round Top: Is a chip off the boulder on top of Little Round Top, Gettysburg over which Colonel Vincent fell dead, and a few minutes later Captain Hazlett fell dead across the body of Colonel Vincent. Secured by W. H. H. Lea while at Gettysburg, 1884 at the time they were chipping off the top of the boulder to place the Vincent and Hazlett monument. Has been in the possession of W. H. H. Lea for 22 years. Secured from him January, 1906 for Memorial Hall. (Item 54)

U.S. Belt Buckle: Found on the battlefield of Bell Plains, Va., by James B. Riley, Co. F, 6th Pa. Heavy Artillery, in 1864. Has been in his possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February 26, 1906. (Item 75).

Bridle Belt: Owned by Col. O. H. Rippey, 61st Regiment, Pa. Vols. Was from the bridle used by the Colonel when he was shot from his horse at noon, May 31, 1862, at Fair Oaks, Va. The bit was secured at the time by George Richard, suttler of the Regiment, by him presented to Alexander Thompson, Co. B, 61st Reg., Pa. Vols., of Murraysville, Pa., in May, 1906. Mr. Thompson presented it to Col. W. J. Glenn, who was Captain of Co. E, 61st Reg., Pa. Vols., and was Sergeant Major of the Regiment at the time of Col. Rippey’s death, and was near the Colonel when he fell from his horse, dead. Presented to Memorial Hall by Col. W. J. Glenn, May 28, 1906.(Item 90)

Reproduction of Hat Ornament: Hat ornament. The dress hat of the army from 1861 to 1865 was worn with one side turned up and held in place by brass ornament; also held the black feather in place, was found by Wm. R. Yates of Carnegie, Pa., on Bolivar Heights, near Harpers Ferry, Va., in 1899. Has been in his possession 10 years, and presented by him to G.A.R. Memorial Room April 6, 1911. (Item 162)

Tin Plate with Corps Badge: Tin plate with corps badge; blue felt corps badge. See Item 31. (Item N22)

Cavalry Spurs: U.S. From the battlefield of Trevillians, Va. Found by Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., and procured from him January, 1906, and were in his possession over 40 years. (Item 32) MISSING!

U.S. Bayonet and Scabbard: From the battlefield of the Wilderness, Va. Found by Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., in 1864, and secured from him January, 1906, and were in his possession over 40 years. (Item 33) MISSING!

Two Leather Cap Boxes: U.S. Found on the battlefield of the Wilderness, Va., by Wm. P. Mansfield, a resident at the time of Spottsylvania Co., Va., in 1864, now of Washington, D.C. Secured from him January, 1906, and was in his possession over 40 years. (Item 34) MISSING!

Leather Cap Box: C.S. Found on the battlefield of Chancellorsville, Va., May, 1863, by Wm. P. Mansfield, a resident of Spottsylvania Co., Va., now of Washington, D.C. Secured from him January, 1906, and was in his possession over 40 years. (Item 35) MISSING!

Small Piece of Knapsack: Found on the Wilderness battlefield after the war by Wm. P. Mansfield, a resident of Spottsylvania Co., Va., now of Washington, D.C. Has the Company and Regiment stamped on same. Secured from him January, 1906, and was in his possession over 40 years. (item 37)

Petrified Wood: From Spottsylvania Co., Va. Secured from Wm. P. Mansfield of Washington, D.C., January, 1906, and was in his possession over 40 years. (Item 38)

Pieces of Shell, Grape, etc: This collection was picked up by W. H. H. Lea in 1884 while attending the Dept. of Pa., G.A.R., encampment. The seven pieces were all found on the field over which General Pickett and his brave Virginians charged on July 3, 1863, at Gettysburg, Pa. Secured from W. H. H. Lea January, 19906, for Memorial Hall. Have been in his possession 22 year. (Item 47)

Grape Shot, Bullets and Breast Plate: Were picked up by W. H. H. Lea in 1881 while visiting the old battlefields in Virginia. The bullets were taken from the Union breast works, grape shot near Fort Steadman, breast plate near Fort Hill, Petersburg, Va. Have been in possession of W. H. H. Lea 25 years. Secured from him January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. Mounted on old collar box: 1 piece grape shot, 1 .58 minie, 1 .57 Enfield, 2 spent bullets. (Item 51)

Shell: Found on the battlefield of Bull Run, Va., by Moses M. Bell, Co. A, 100th Reg., Pa. Vet. Vols., in 1891. Has been in his possession 15 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April 18, 1906. Hodgkiss bolt shell; stamped patent Oct. 9th, 1855 (Man. date May 14, 1861); has lead expansion ring, deactivated. (Item 80)

 

[various artifacts]

Straps and Buckles: Were found on the battlefield of the Wilderness, Va., after the war, by Wm. P. Mansfield, then a resident of Spottsylvania Co., Va.Were secured from Mr. Wm. P. Mansfield, January, 1906, and were in his possession over 40 years. Tag: Battle of the Wilderness May 1864. (Item 39)

 

Shotgun: Was secured by James T. Couch, Company H, 62d Regiment, Pa. Vol. Infantry, on October 20,1863,near thebattlefields of Culpepper and Cedar Mountain, Va. He brought the gun home with him in December, 1863, when on furlough. Was secured from him January, 1906, after being in his possession over 40 years. (Item 40)

 

Bayonet: Carried by Daniel H. Rice, Company I, 102d Regiment, Pa. Vol. Infantry, from July 11, 1862, to June 28, 1865. Was brought home by him and was in his possession over 44 years. Mr. Rice says that at the battle of Flint Hill, Va., in a charge, it came to a hand to hand conflict. He killed a rebel by plunging this bayonet into his body. Secured from Mr. Rice January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 41)

Bayonet: Was found in the old rifle pits at Chancellorsville, Va., battlefield by Wm. J. Steen, Co. G, 136th Regt., Pa. Vols., while visiting the old battlefield in 1903. Has been in his possession four years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April 8, 1907. (Item 114)

Bayonet: Was found by James A. Boles, about 1891. Mr. Boles, while passing through the timber on the battlefield of Chancellorsville, Va., the bayonet was seen high up, sticking in the trunk of a pine tree. The tree was cut down and the bayonet and wood cut out. The theory is that a Confederate sharp shooter had stuck the bayonet in the tree to support his leg or used it for a rest for his rifle. The tree was in the Confederate lines, opposite the Chancellorsville house. Mr. Boles died several years ago. Was secured from Mr. Bole’s family by James C. Harper, late Co. G, 123d Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., while visiting the battlefield in 1909, the Boles family living near the battlefield. Presented to the G.A.R. Memorial Hall, 1910. (Item 173)

Bayonet: .58 caliber; Enfield; stamped 9068 on the socket.(Item N27)

Wrench: Used by Daniel H. Rice, Company I, 102nd Regiment, Pa. Vol. Infantry, from July 11, 1862, to June 28, 1865. Was used in taking guns apart when cleaning same. Was in Mr. Rice’s possession over 44 years. Secured from Mr. Rice January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 42) MISSING!

Grape Shot: Found at Devil’s Den, Gettysburg, Pa. in 1902, by Daniel H. Rice, late Company I, 102d Reg. Pa. Vol. Infantry.Secured from him January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 43)

Three-pound Solid Shot: From the first battle of Bull Run. This shot passed through the knapsack of M. M. Bell, Co. A, 100th Reg., Pa. Vet. Vols. Has been in his possession 44 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April 18, 1906. (Item 82)

Grape Shot: Was presented to E. W. McCort by John Livers of Gettysburg, Pa. Was found by him on the battlefield over which Pickett charged July 3, 1863. Presented to Memorial Hall by E. W. McCort, January 14, 1907. (Item 98)

Song Last of Old Lee: This song was composed by John Hogan, Co. F, 87th Reg., Pa. Vols., just after the surrender of General Lee and before he was discharged and was printed in Richmond, Va. While the army was on the way to Washington, D.C., to be discharged, this copy was presented by John Hogan to C. M. Lea, Co. G, 87th Reg., Pa. Vols., in Richmond, Va., 1865. Has been in Lea’s possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February, 1907. Mounted under glass; taped edges; waterstains; on back is written “C.M. Lea. Feb. 8th 1907.” (Item 108)

Brick: This brick was taken from the wall of the Chancellorsville house, Chancellorsville, Va., November 10, 1908, by James C. Harper, late Co. G, 123d Pa. Vols., while visiting the battlefield. In this house General Jos. Hooker had his headquarters during the battle of Chancellorsville, May, 1863. This brick was secured from the east end of the building, the building at the time being unoccupied. Presented to Memorial Room by Jos. C. Harper, December, 1908. (Item 132)

Pine Cone: This pine cone was taken from a pine tree grown up in the crater in the Confederate fort in front of Petersburg, Va., blown up by the Union army, July 30, 1864. The cone was secured from the tree November 12, 1908, by James C. Harper, late Co. G, 123d Regt., Pa. Vols., while visiting the battlefields around Petersburg, Va., and by him presented to Memorial Hall, December, 1908. (Item 138)

Solid Cannon Ball: This solid shot, weighing 1 lb. 13 oz., was found by Thos. E. Morgan, Co. E, 155th Regt., Pa. Vols., and Joseph S. Hope, Co. H, 62d Regt., Pa. Vols., on Little Round Top, Gettysburg battlefield, while attending the dedication of the monument to the 155th Regt., Pa. Vols., September 17, 1886. When found, near the monument, the ball was only partly exposed above the ground and had been buried over 23 years, and has been in the possession of Thos. E. Morgan 23 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, January, 1909. (Item 139)

Door Lock: (Item N24)

Sword Bayonet: Used to some extent at the beginning of the war. Was mostly used by the Zouave Regiments, but never came into general use during the war. Was secured from Dr. R. L. Walker, Sr., January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 44) MISSING!

Hand Grenade: Secured at government sale of army supplies in Pittsburgh, Pa., January, 1906, by W. H. H. Lea. The shell was patented August 20, 1861. Was used to defend forts and breast work by throwing them by hand among the charging columns when near the fort or breast works. Placed in Memorial Hall January, 1906. (Item 45)

Cotton: Was picked from the cotton bushes in 1881 by W. H. H. Lea, late Lieutenant of Co. I, 112th Reg., Pa. Vols., while on a visit to the Virginia battlefield, from the narrow strip of ground between the Union and rebel lines and directly in front of the rebel fort at Petersburg, Va., blown up July 30, 1864. Over this ground the charging columns passed. Almost every foot of this ground was covered with Union dead or stained by as brave blood as ever flowed from the veins of American soldiers. Has been in possession of W. H. H. Lea for 25 years. Secured from him January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 48)

Shells: Three pieces of shell were found by Matthew Quay Corbett on the battlefield of Gettysburg in August, 1906, in the field over which General Pickett charged, July 3, 1863. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, March 16, 19097. Shell fragments; 1 triangular with part of band on it; one circular piece; one with fuse threads inside. (Item 106)

Marble: This piece of marble is from the coping of the Granite house built over Providence Spring at Andersonville prison, Ga., built by the U.S. government. Was secured in 1907 by J. T. Bickell, Co. D, 39th Indiana Vol. Infantry, who served six months in this prison and at the present time lives near Andersonville, at Byron, Ga. Was given to his son, C. M. Bickell while visiting his father in 1907, to be presented to Memorial Hall. Secured from C. M. Bickell, August, 1907. Approximately 3″ x 2″ on brown velvet. (Item 123)

Revolver and Holster: Owned and carried by Lieut. Wm. Crooks, Company H, 102d Regiment, Pa. Vol. Infantry, and was a present from Lieut. Benison. See engraving on revolver. Have been in possession of John B. Crooks, his son, for several years. Secured from him January, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 46) MISSING!

Canteen: Was found on the battlefield of Gettysburg, Pa., in 1884, in presence of W. H. H. Lea: While standing at the stone wall at the High Water Mark of the rebellion, a small boy from Philadelphia, in company of his father, while walking on top of the wall, noticing the canteen down in the wall, reached down and secured it. A few minutes later, owing to its being so dirty, was, by the father, turned over to me. This canteen has no doubt rested in this stone wall from July, 1863. Secured from W. H. H. Lea January, 1906, after being in his possession 22 years, for Memorial Hall. (Item 49) MISSING!

 

 

 

 

Sword: Presented to Lieut. Samuel H. Davis by Company I, 112th Regiment, Pa. Vet. Vols., February,1863. Lieut. Davis was killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. The sword was covered with his blood. Lieut. Thos. C. Sharp, while keeping the sword to be shipped to Lieut. Davis’s parents at the first opportunity, was killed at Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864, while wearing the sword, and was covered with his blood. The sword was then shipped to Mr.George Davis, father of Lieutenant Davis, by Adams Express Co. to Pittsburg, Pa. Mr. and Mrs. George Davis being noted rebel sympathizers, refusedto pay the express charges of one dollar on the sword of their loyal son who gave his life for his country. The sword was sold by Adams Express Co. at their office, Fifth Avenue, Pittsburg, Pa., as unclaimed goods in 1864. All trace of the sword was lost until 1884, when, through the earnest efforts of Enoch P.Holland and W. H. H. Lea, the sword was located in the possession of Benjamin Snively of Green Castle, Franklin Co., Pa., whose son, Isaac Snively, had purchased the sword at the sale. One dollar was then sent Mr. Snively by W. H. H. Lea, the amount paid at sale. The sword has been in the possession of W. H. H. Lea 22 years, and secured from him for Memorial Hall, January, 1906, who was also a member of Lieut. Davis’s company, P.S. This sword had passed through the campaigns of the Wilderness, Chancellorsville, North Ann River, Cold Harbor, Va., and siege of Petersburg, Va., to June 17, 1864.–W.H.H.L. Engraved sword blade is inscribed “Eisenhower” and “E. Pluribus Unim” on hilt. Presentation plate on scabbard: Presented to Lt. S. H. Davis by Co. I, 2nd Regt Penn Artillery Vol. Feb 1st 1863. (Item 52)

53. Walnut. After the war, the mine constructed and used by the Union army in blowing up the rebel fort, July 30, 1864, at Petersburg, Va., directly between the two lines, caved in, leaving a trench some 10 feet deep. From the bottom of this trench a walnut tree grew, and from this tree this walnut was taken by W. H. H. Lea in September, 1881, while visiting the battlefield. Over this ground the Union troops charged at time of blowing up the fort. Has been in the possession of W. H. H. Lea 25 years. Secured from him January, 19906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 53) MISSING!

55. Cavalry saber. Was carried and used by Samuel Wallace, Co K, 1st Penna. Cavalry, from the time of his enlistment in 1861 to his discharge on surgeon’s certificate in 1862. Has been in his possession until his death, September 11, 19905, at the age of 79 years. Secured from his son, Wm. J. Wallace, February, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 55) MISSING!

56. Pipe. made from laurel root, cut near General Grant’s headquarters, near City Point, Va., by John Kumpf, Co. E, 61st Regiment, Penna. Vols. Pipe was made by him in front of Petersburg, Va., in 1864. The only tools used were a penknife and blacksmith’s augur. Mouthpiece was procured after returning home. Has been in his possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, January, 1906. (Item 56) MISSING!

57. Shell. Was procured by John Kumpf, Co. E, 61st Reg., P.V., near General Lee’s headquarters, Gettysburg, Pa., while at Gettysburg in July, 1888. Has been in his possession 18 years. Secured from him for Memorial hall, January, 1906. (Item 57) MISSING!

Confederate Bond: Was presented to W. H. H. Lea, December 27, 1904, by Chas. D. Barker of Atlanta, Ga., his father being a Union soldier. Mr. Barker guarantees this bond to be a genuine bond issued by the Confederate government in war times, and was in his possession over 40 years. Was presented to Capt. Thos. Espy Post, 153, by W. H. H. Lea, February 26, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 58) MISSING!

[wallpaper]

[wallpaper]The Daily Citizen of Vicksburg, Miss: When General Grant’s Army entered Vicksburg, Miss., July 4, 1863, the soldiers found in the office of the Daily Citizen the type all set up and wall paper cut, as they had made the last issue July 2. The Union soldiers added the note to the lower right-hand corner, and printed this paper from the type as found in the office on July 4, 1863. This copy is one printed July 4, 1863, and was secured by Thomas Jamison, 7th U.S. Cavalry, who was present when printed, and was in his possession 41 years, and was presented to W. H. H. Lea in 1904 by Thomas Jamison. Presented to Capt. Thomas Espy Post, 153, for memorial Hall, February 26, 1906, by W. H. H. Lea. Written on pattern side: This paper was seized by Thos. Jamison after the capture of Vicksburg. Thos. Jamison is the only one eyed man who was enlisted in the U.S.A. He served under Gen. Custer after the Civil War & was discharged a short time previous to “Custer’s Last Charge.” He served throughout the Civil War in Kilpatrick’s Cavalry, 7th Reg. Cav. (Item 59)

[various artifacts]

Clay from Dutch Gap Canal, Va.: Taken from the canal bed by Thomas N. Lea, Q.M. Sergt., Co. I., 112th Reg., Pa. Vet. Vols., in 1864, and was in his possession until the time of his death, March 4, 1899. Secured from his wife, Ada Lea, February 11, 1906, for Memorial Hall. (Item 60)

Bayonet: This bayonet was found on the Andersonville, Ga., prison grounds by J. T. Bickel, Co. D, 39th Regt., Ind. Vol. Inft., a member of Capt. Espy Post, 153, and at the present time keeper of the Andersonville National Cemetery. Was found while clearing the cemetery grounds. Was given to his son, Charles Bickel, while visiting his father in July, 1910. Was presented by Charles Bickel to G.A.R. Memorial Room, July, 1910. (Item 169)

Bayonet: triangular pattern; 1873; .45-.70 Springfield; standard markings. (Item N26)

Bayonet: .58 Enfield. Poor condition. (Item N28)

Bayonet: appears to be .58-.69 caliber; triangular; stamped with crossed rifles. (Item N29)

Strap (blanket?): complete; intact, 3/4″ x 33″. (Item N30)

G.A.R. Badge: This badge as presented to Casius M. Lea, Co. G, 87th Regiment, Pa. Vols., by Capt. Bardele Galliseth, Captain Co. F, 5th Pa. Cavalry, in 1894. Is a souvenir badge of the National encampment at Pittsburg, 1894. Presented to Post by C. M. Lea, February 26, 1906. (Item 61) MISSING!

Cap: This cap as worn two years in the army by John Flinner, Co. B, 74th Regiment, Pa. Vol. Inft. Was worn by him through the battles of Chancellorsville, Va., May 2, 3, 4, 1863; Gettysburg July 1, 2 3, 1863; Seabrook, S.C., November 15, 1863, and Johns Island, S.C., February 9, 10, 11, 1864. Has been in his possession 43 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February 13, 1906. (Item 62) MISSING!

Drum and Stick: Was presented to Zacharias T. Benedick, drum boy of Co. A, 126th Ohio Vol. Infantry, by the members of his company, February 5, 1863. The drum was carried by him until his discharge at the close of the war, 1865. The drum and drummer boy passed through the following battles: Manasses Gap, Va.; Warenton, Va.; Foxes Ford, Va.; Bristo Station, Va.; Keyses Ford, Va.; Locust Grove, Va.; Mine Run, Va.; Wilderness, Va.; Spottsylvania, Va.; Cold Harbor, Va.; Petersburg, Va.; Weldon Railroad, Va.; Winchester, Va.; Fishers Hill, Va.; Cedar Creek, Va., back to Petersburg, Va., and Sailors Creek, Va. On this drum was sounded the first long roll, calling Sheridan’s army to arms at Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, when Sheridan was 20 miles away. The cap box and belt plate were used by him. Have been in his possession 43 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February 15, 1906. (Item 63)

 

Colt’s Revolver: Was carried and used by James R. Safford, 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant of 10th Indiana Cavalry, from 1863 to 1865, during the campaigns in Tennessee, Mississippi and Georgia, and in General Wilson’s Cavalry Corps under Gen. Geo. H. Thomas. Has been in his possession 43 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February 20, 1906. (Item 64) MISSING!

 

Sword and Coat: Worn by George S. Drake, 1st Lieut. Co. B, 77th Regiment, Pa. Vet. Vols. Was worn by him in the campaigns in Tennessee and Texas. Was in his possession until the time of his death, September 28, 1897. Secured from his son, W. Samuel Drake, for Memorial Hall, February 20, 1906. The returned sword is marked “Schuler Hartley & Graham” and “New York”; “W Clauberg” and “Sj[o?]lingen surround a figure of a knight in armor. (Item 65)

Rifle: This gun was in the possession of Mr. White, now deceased. Then came into possession of his son, who, at this time, is residing in Ireland. (Address unknown.) He gave it to John Hayes of James Street, Carnegie, Pa., and by him given to DR. R. L. Walker, Sr. This gun has no doubt been in the Confederate army, as the gun bears the English crown and is stamped “Tower 1862.” At this time we are unable to get any reply from Mr. White as to complete history of the gun. Secured from Dr. R. L. Walker, Sr., for Memorial Hall, January, 1906. (Item 66) MISSING!

Sword: Was secured by George B. Forsyth Co. H, 100th Reg., Penna. Vols., on the field of the second battle of Bull Run, Va. In his possession 40 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, in June, 1906.(Item 67) MISSING!

Revolver: Was secured by George B. Forsyth Co. H, 100th Reg., Penna. Vols., on the field of the second battle of Bull Run, Va. In his possession 40 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, in June, 1906. (Item 68) MISSING!

Sword and Sash: Worn by W. H. H. Lea, Lieut. Co. I, 112th Regiment, Pa. Vet. Vols. Presented to him by his Captain, Wm. S. Fiss, of Philadelphia, Pa. Has been in his possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, January, 1906. (Item 69) MISSING!

Bayonet: Was found among the boulders on the side of Little Round Top, Gettysburg, Pa., in 1884, by W. H. H. Lea, while visiting the battlefield. Has been in his possession 22 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, January, 1906. (Item 70) MISSING!

Cane: Was cut from the timber on the battlefield of Piedmont, Va., by Capt. Charles Bolar of Stanton, Va., who served in Stonewall Jackson’s Brigade in the Confederate army. Was by him presented to his old friend, Wm. E. Yates, of Carnegie, Pa. Secured from Mr. Yates for Memorial Hall, March, 1906. (Item 71)

Cane: This cane was cut from Little Round Top, Gettysburg, in 1904, by Mark Gorison, and presented to his friend, Samuel A. Young, late Co. H, 62d Reg., Pa. Vols., and secured from him for Memorial Hall, May 30, 1907. (Item 118)

Cane: Was secured by Wm. England, Co. E, 9th Regt., Pa. Reserve Vol. Inft., while attending the dedication of the Penna. Soldiers’ Memorial at Gettysburg, September, 1910. Was cut from Culp’s Hill. Was presented by him to Memorial Hall, October, 1910. Stamped “Culp’s Hill — Gettysburg Pa”; L-shaped grip. 9th Pa Veteran. (Item 150)

Rebel Canteen: Confederate canteen, made of wood picked up on the battlefield on the Wilderness, Va., by John P. Hultz, Co. H, 62d Regiment, Pa. Vols., in 1864. Has been in his possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February 26, 1906. (Item 72) MISSING!

Canteen: Was carried and used by George Thompson, Jr., Co. K, 1st Regiment, Pa. Cavalry. After his discharge the canteen was painted to keep from rusting. Has been in his possession 44 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February 26, 1906. (Item 73) MISSING!

Wood with Bullet: Cut from tree on the battlefield of Cedar Mountain, Va., by Eli Wilkenson and presented to James B. Riley, Co. F, 6th Regiment, Pa. Heavy Artillery. Has been in his possession 18 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, February 26, 1906. (Item 74) MISSING!

Bridle Bit—U.S.: Was found on the battlefield of Bull Run in 1865 by Peter Hartz, Battery G, 5th Reg., Pa. Artillery, while re-burying the Union dead. Has been in his possession 41 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, March, 1906. Brass; two rosettes stamped “U.S.”; large ring on one end. (Item 76)

 

 

Sword: Was found on Bradocks Field battlefield by Elijah Sanders, and by him given to his grandson, Henry C. Sanders, of Green Tree, Pa., by him given to John Wise of Scott Township. Has been in possession of Mr. Wise over 30 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April 9, 1906. French and Indian War period; blade 20 ½”. (Item 77)

Blanket (Only Straps Left):. One half of a government blanket, carried and used by John Schumacher, Co. D, 18th Pa. Cavalry, 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 1st Cavalry Corps. Used by him for two years and nine months. Was in his possession until his death in 1865. Was in his wife’s possession 20 years, to 1885, then in possession of his daughter from 1885 to 1894, nine years; then came into the possession of his youngest son, Fred Schumacher, of Main Street, Carnegie, Pa. Has been in his possession 13 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, March 28, 1907. (Item 110)

Artillery Saber: length 32″; stand leather grip wrap; painted gold. (Item N38)

Cavalry Saddle Bags: Were found on the battlefield of Bull Run in 1865 by Peter Hatz, Battery G, 5th Reg., Pa. Artillery, while re-burying the Union dead. Has been in his possession 41 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, March, 1906. (Item 78) MISSING!

Declaration of Independence: Presented to Memorial Hall by John R. Knepper, editor of the Valley Signal, April, 1906. Framed facsimile of Declaration of Independence in 1 1/2″ wide mat and black wood frame 16 1/2″ x 22″. (Item 79)

Shell: Found on the battlefield of Bull Run, Va., by Moses M. Bell, Co. A, 100th Reg., Pa. Vet. Vols., in 1879. Has been in his possession 27 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April 18, 1906. (Item 81) MISSING!

Haversack: Carried by M. M. Bell, Co. A, 100th Reg., Vet. Vols. Has been in his possession 41 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April 18, 1906. (Item 83) MISSING!

Harper’s Ferry Rifle: Rifle, with sword bayonet, made at Harper’s Ferry, Va., 1861. Secured at Harper’s Ferry, Va., 1864, by M. M. Bell, Co. A, 100th Reg., Pa. Vet. Vols. Has been in his possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April 18, 1906. (Item 84) MISSING!

Pine Wood and Bullet: Wood was cut from the battlefield of Cold Harbor, Va., in 1889. Bullet was found while working into flooring boards at the planing mill of Thomas Stagg, Cary Street, below 14th Street, Richmond, Va., in 1890. Was worked by a Confederate soldier, and by him turned over to D. E. McLean of Wilcox Street, Carnegie, who was working in the mill at the time. Has been in D. E. McLean’s possession 16 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, May 10, 1906. Tongue-in-groove molding, approximately 2″ x 4″. (Item 85)

 

Two Silver Badges: Presented to Nicholas Hopper, 57th Regiment (English army), by Queen Victoria in 1854, for bravery at Sebastopol and New Zealand. Mr.. Hopper came to this country some years ago. Before his death he gave the badges to Dr. R. L. Walker, Sr. Secured from Dr. Walker for Memorial Hall, May, 1906. (Item 86) MISSING!

Rifle and Bayonet: U.S. rifle, made at Harper’s Ferry, Va., in 1859, found on the battlefield of Gettysburg, Pa., at the close of the war by James J. Brown, Co. K, 12th Regiment, Pa. Vols., and by him presented to Dr. R. L. Walker, Sr. Has been in his possession 16 years. Secured from Dr. Walker for Memorial Hall, May, 1906. Musket; lock plate stamped “U.S. Harper’s Ferry, 1859″; breech of muzzle stamped 1858; lock plate MISSING Maynard automatic priming system; also MISSING screw that holds on lock plate; stock is stamped “L.A.” under the lockplate bolts; wood is broken near nose cap; ramrod is MISSING; has patch box; breech is also stamped “V.P.” with very tiny eagle below; viewed and proofed. (Item 87)

Twentieth Corps Badge: Silver badge belonging to Edmund Alfred Ames, 7th Ohio Vol. Inft., 20th Army Corps. Was found by A. C. Hughey, Co. D, 100th Reg., Pa. Vet. Vols., on railroad crossing in McKees Rocks, Pa. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, April, 1906. (Item 88) MISSING!

Cape: This cape belonged to two complete sets of uniforms for two regiments. Presented to the U.S. government by the French government in 1861. The outfits were to go to the two best drilled regiments in the Army of the Potomac. The 62d Regiment, Pa. Vols., and the 83d Regiment, Pa. Vols., secured the outfits. The uniforms being of the Zouave pattern and very heavy material, were only worn by the regiments several times. This cape was worn by George W. Freeman, Co. H, 62d Regiment, Pa. Vols. Was in his possession until 1870, when removing to California, turned it over to his friend, Matthew Andrews, Co. C, 6th Wis. Vols., and has been in his possession 36 years. The fact that this cape was presented to the U.S. by the French government makes it a relic of great value. Secured from Matthew Andrews for Memorial Hall, June, 1906. Dark blue wool; 4 buttons (pewter?) with eagle stamped. (Item 91)

Flint Lock Revolver: Was secured by George Muenz from a dealer in old iron. Was in his possession for a number of years and was presented to G.A.R. Memorial Hall, 1908. (Item 92) MISSING!

 

Rifle: Was carried and used by John Bowles, Co. I, 187th Regiment, Pa. Vols. Was brought home by him at close of the war, in 1865, and has been in his possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, October 22, 1906. Contract musket “E Robinson New York,” 1864. (Item 93)

 

 

Confederate Money: This Confederate money was secured by W. H. H. Lea from Wm. P. Mansfield, Washington, D.C., in 1906. Was carried by his father, Wm. H. Mansfield, Sheriff of Spottsylvania County, Va., from 1861 to the close of the war, 1865. The little silk Confederate flag in center of frame was secured in Vicksburg in March, 1906. Tobacco, cotton, rice and peanuts are used in completing the case. Arranged and presented to Memorial Room by W. H. H. Lea in 1906. (Item 94) MISSING!

Battle of Gettysburg: Presented to Memorial Hall by W. H. H. Lea, December 10, 1906. Framed varnished print depicting Battle of Gettysburg 1-3, 1863; 3″ light wood frame, 30 1/2″ x 3’9″. (Item 95)

 

Picture of Espy Post: Enlarged from a picture of the Post, taken May 30, 1903. Enlarged by Carnegie Lodge of Elks and presented to Memorial Room, March, 1906. (Item 96)

 

 

 

Belt: Worn two years by M. H. Sage, Co. D, 3d Ill. Cavalry. This belt passed through the battles of Nashville, Franklin and Pontca, Miss., under General Greasson in General Thomas’s army. Was brought home by him and has been in his possession since. Comrade Sage also served as a scout in Kentucky for 5 months and used this belt. Procured from him for Memorial Hall, February, 1907. (Item 97) MISSING!

Carbine: Was found on the battlefield of Gettysburg, Pa., by John Fitz, Co. G, 17th Pa. Vols. Has been in his possession 41 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, March, 1907. (Item 99) MISSING!

The Old Flag: Published by J. P. Robens, First Lieutenant, 176th, N.Y. Vol. Inft., while a prisoner in Camp Ford, Tyler, Smith Co., Texas. Each sheet was an issue of the paper. The printing was all done with pen and ink, while inside the prison stockade. These sheets were secured by A. Bennett Frishie, Co. H, 102d Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., at the time of publication in 1864. Were in his possession until 1872, when he presented it to his sister, Mrs. William Davis, of Carnegie, Pa., and by her presented to G.A.R. Memorial Hall, 1911. (Item 100) MISSING!

 

Silk Flag: This flag was purchased by the Upper St. Clair Guards in 1860, costing $46.25. This company was commanded by Capt. Thos. Espy, Upper St. Clair Township, Allegheny Co., Pa. On July 4, 1861, the St. Clair Guards became Co. H, 62d Reg., Pa. Vols., with Thos. Espy as Captain. This flag was carried by them to Harrisburg and not allowed. Company flags were returned by Capt. Espy to his home. Has been in the possession of Capt. Thos. Espy’s family 46 years. Secured from the family for Memorial Hall, February, 1907. National Colors; St. Clair Guard in gold on white stripe; approximately 6′ x 4′. (Item 101)

 

 

Captain’s Suit and Sash: This suit was worn by Capt. Thos. Espy, Co. H, 62d Reg., Pa. Vols. At the opening of the campaign, the spring of 1862, this suit, with other articles, was packed in a satchel by Capt. Espy and left in Washington, D.C. After the Captain’s death in front of Richmond, July 6, 1862, the satchel was sent to his family, and has been in their possession 45 years. Secured from the family for Memorial Hall, February, 1907. (Item 102) MISSING!

Epaulettes: Was worn by Capt. Thos. Espy of the St. Clair Guards of Upper St. Clair township, Allegheny Co., Pa. Was worn by him when the St. Clair Guards became Co. H, 62d Reg., Pa. Vols. Was returned to his family July, 1861, from Harrisburg, Pa. Has been in the possession of his family 46 years. Secured from his family for Memorial Hall, February, 1907. (Item 103)

 

Hat: Was worn by Capt. Thos. Espy, St. Clair Guards of Upper St. Clair township, Allegheny Co., Pa. Was worn by him when the St. Clair Guards became Co. H, 62d Reg., Pa. Vols. Was returned to his family July, 1861, from Harrisburg, Pa. Has been in the possession of his family 46 years. Secured from the family for Memorial Hall, February, 1907. Shako; manufacturer’s tag W. W. Wilson, Pittsburgh, Pa. (Item 104)

 

Cavalry Spur: This spur was taken from the boot of a dead Confederate cavalryman at Hatchers Run, Va., March 25, 1865, by Daniel Bowman, Co. F, 87th Reg., Pa. Vols. Has been in his possession 42 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, March 15, 1907. (Item 105) MISSING!

Ninth Corps Badge: This silver Ninth Corps badge was worn by Ward Foster, Co. M, 100th Reg., Pa. Vet. Vol., at his death, August 4, 1891. The badge came into the possession of his son, George E. Foster, and has been in his possession 15 years. Secured from George E. Foster for Memorial Hall, February, 1907. (Item 107) MISSING!

Confederate Cartridge Box: Was found on the battlefield of Chancellorsville, Va., by Thomas Camby, Co. E, 9th Reg., Pa Reserves. By him presented to Wm. H. Green of Carnegie in 1890, and has been in his possession to the present time. Secured from Wm. H. Green for Memorial Hall, March, 1907. (Item 109) MISSING!

Sketch of Camp Humphreys: This sketch was made by Private Chas. F. McKenna, Co. E, 155th Regt., Pa. Vols., in 1863. Reprints made in 1907. In the winter of 1862 and 1863, the 155th, 133d, 123d and 131st Regiments, Pa. Vols., occupied this camp, which was known as Camp Humphreys, near Falmouth, Va. Presented to Memorial Hall, April 8, 1907, by Judge Chas. F.McKenna. (Item 111)

 

Cane: The wood in this cane was cut by Jos. S. Hope, late Co. H, 62d Reg., Pa. Vols., from Mulberry tree near General Lee’s headquarters, Seminary grounds, Gettysburg, Pa., in 1890, while visiting the battlefield. The cane was finished by his blind brother, Wm. Hope. Presented to Memorial Hall, April 8, 1907, by Joseph S. Hope. (Item 112) MISSING!

Bible: Carried by Newton H. Phillips, Co. B, 61st Regiment, Pa. Vols. This book was sent him by his wife in September, 1864, and was carried by him through the battles of Charleston, Va., September, 1864, and Cedar Creek, Va., October 19, 1864. At the latter battle he was shot through the left leg. Was carried by him in the service until his discharge, June 28, 1865. Has been in his possession 43 years. Secured from him and his wife for Memorial Hall, May, 1907. (Item 115) MISSING!

Memorial Hall: To be erected by Allegheny Co. in honor of the soldiers and sailors of Allegheny County, Pa. Secured from the County Commissioners by Post Commander Wm. M. Kirby, and by him presented to the Post, May 27, 1907. (Item 116)

Bible: Was found on the battlefield of Chancellorsville, Va., the first day of the fight, May 1, 1863, under Gen. Jos. Hooker, by Samuel A. Young, Co. H, 62d Reg., Pa. Vols. Has been in his possession 44 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, May, 1907. (Item 117) MISSING!

Rifle, Canteen and Belt: Were carried and used by Wm. C. McMillen, Co. B, 155th Regiment, Pa. Vol. Inft. This gun was used by him when wounded on Little Round Top, Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863. At the time of his discharge from the service, June 7, 1865, he retained the rifle, bringing it to his home in Scott township. Has been in the possession of his family for over 42 years. Secured from his wife and family for Memorial Hall, July, 1907. (Item 119) MISSING!

Bayonet and Scabbard: Carried and used by Robert T. McCelland, Co. G, 110th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft. Was brought home by him at the time of discharge from the service. Has been in the possession of his family 42 years. Secured from his wife for Memorial Hall, August 31, 1907. (Item 120) MISSING!

Monument: Erected by Capt. Thos. Espy Post, 153, Dept. Pa., G.A.R., and Gen. Jas. A. Garfield Post, 215, Dept. Pa., G.A.R., in Grand Army lot in Chartiers Cemetery. The contract for the erection was let to the Ryegate Granite Co. of Ryegate, Vermont, in 1887, at a cost of fifteen hundred ($1,500) dollars. The monument was dedicated July 21, 1888, at three o’clock P.M. The following program was carried out at the services: Prayer by Rev. Wm. Lynch; music, “Mustered Out,” Allegheny Quartette Club; original poem, Miss Josie S. Sholes; unveiling of monument; music, “Unreturning Braves,” Allegheny Quartette Club; dirge, St. Luke’s Brass Band; oration, Col. John A. Danks; music, “America,” Allegheny Quartette Club; doxology; benediction, Rev. Beasom. The day was fine, over three thousand persons were present in the cemetery. The ribbon badge was used by W. H. H. Lea on day of dedication. The engraving was enlarged for W. H. H. Lea and presented by him to Memorial Hall, September 23, 1907. Print of G.A.R. Monument in Chartier’s Cemetery in 27 1/2″ x 3 1/2′ wood frame; G.A.R. ribbon inside; dated July 21, 1888. (Item 121)

 

Shell: Was found on the battlefield of Gettysburg, Pa., in 1884 by Matthew Andrews, late Co. C, 6th Wis. Vol. Infantry, while visiting the battlefield. The shell is, without mistake, a Union shell, as it was found sticking in the bank of a small trench washed out by the rains, and within the Confederate lines. Has been in his possession 23 years. Secured from the finder for Memorial Hall, October 24, 1907. (Item 122) MISSING!

Abraham Lincoln: Presented to Memorial Hall February 15, 1908, by John B. Knepper, Main Street, Carnegie, Pa. Picture; 18″ x 24″; oak frame. (Item 125)

 

 

 

Comb: Carried by Richard B. Davis, Co. B, 155th Regt. Pa. Vols., from August, 1862, to June, 1865. Has been in his possession 46 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, June, 1908. (Item 126) MISSING!

Cartridge Box Plate: Issued to Reese E. Evans, Co. G, 110th Regt., Pa. Vols., on entering the service. Was carried and used by him until his discharge from the service. Was brought home by him and has been in his possession 43 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, December 14, 1908. (Item 128) MISSING!

Bone Ring: This ring was given to Bertha M. Johnston in May, 1863. About five o’clock P.M. five Union prisoners of war, who had escaped from the Danville, Va., prison came to my house on the plantation of my master, Wm. Egelston, in Giles Co., near Pearisburg, Va. The prisoners wanted me to take them over the New River, near my home, and give them the right direction to reach the Union lines. I told them they would have to wait several days, as the white people were looking for the escaped prisoners. They kept hid in the timbers, and I fed them on corn bread and little meat with butter milk to drink. Before day on the third morning I ferried them over the river. After I had them over, the only thing they had to offer me was this ring, which I refused, as I wanted no pay for my trouble. They requested me at last to take the ring and to keep it my lifetime. I do not know their names, only one was George and one Henry. I do not know the Company or Regiment they belonged to, I was only anxious to get them away, as it would have been death to me if found helping them. Has been in Mr. Johnston’s possession almost 46 years. Secured from him for Memorial Hall, January, 1909. At this time Mr. Johnston lives at 104 Broadway, Carnegie. (Item 129) MISSING!

 

Hornets’ Nest and Canteen: Found by the sons of S. A. Satterwhite, late a member of the 6th Louisiana Tigers, Confederate army, now residing in Fredericksburg, Va. He, with his sons, cut it from a pine tree, 30 feet from the ground, near where General Lee’s headquarters were at the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862. After it was cut from the tree, it was found the nest had been built around a Union canteen. Was found and cut from the tree in 1900. James C. Harper, late of Co. G, 123d Regt., Pa. Vols., while attending the dedication of the monument to General Humphreys at Fredericksburg, Va., November 11, 1908, the nest, with canteen in same, was presented to him by Mr. S. A. Satterwhite, who also took Mr. Harper and showed him the tree and limb the nest was cut from. Was brought home by Mr. Harper, who at the time was commander of Capt Thos. Espy Post, 153, G.A.R., and by him presented to Memorial Hall, December, 1908. (Item 130)

Eagle Plate: This plate was worn by the father of Mr. S. A. Satterwhite, who was a member of the 5th Regt., Louisiana Tigers, Confederate army. Was presented to James C. Harper, late Co. G, 123d Regt., Pa. Vols., while attending the dedication of monument to General Humphreys at Fredericksburg, Va., November 11, 1908, by S. A. Satterwhite, who was a member of the 6th Louisiana Tigers. His father was killed at the battle of the Wilderness, 1864. Secured from J. C. Harper for Memorial Hall, December, 1908. (Item 131) MISSING!

Button: This button is from the dress coat of Col. Samuel D. Strawbridge, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols. His army uniforms were left at the home of his brother in Danville, Pa., at the close of the war. Some years after two of the buttons were given to Ralph M. Strawbridge, Attorney-at-Law, Pittsburg. This button was presented by him to W. H. H. Lea, a member of Co. I, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols., of which Colonel Strawbridge was Captain at the time of his promotion to Colonel of the Regiment in 1865. Presented to Memorial Hall by W. H. H. Lea, January, 1909. (Item 133) MISSING!

Cartridges: These cartridges were brought home by Thos. E. Morgan, late Co. D, 155th Regt., Pa. Vols., at the time of his discharge, July 21, 1865. These cartridges were taken from his cartridge box when he was discharged. Have been in his possession 44 years. Presented by Thos. E. Morgan to Memorial Hall, January, 1909. (Item 134)

Bible: This Bible was found by Mrs. Wm. Davis in the attic of the house at No. 457 Broadway Ext., and occupied before Davis by Isaac Heister, late Co. H, 77th Regt., Pa. Vols. Heister now deceased, we cannot positively tell who this Bible was presented to by the New York Bible Society, as Conrad Heister erected and was the only one that occupied the above house before Mr. Wm. Davis. Was presented to Memorial Hall by Mr. Wm. Davis, January, 1909. Approximately 3″ x 5″. (Item 135)

Soldiers’ Memorial: The Memorial roll of Co. B, 102d Regt., Pa. Vols., Thos. E. Kirkbride, Captain. This roll has been in the family of Capt. Kirkbride 47 years. Presented to Memorial Hall by Chas E. and George T. Kirkbride, sons of Capt. Kirkbride, January, 1909. Wood oak frame, 19″ x 23″. (Item 136)

Letter: This letter was written by Washington Bell, Co. K, 63d Regt., Pa. Vols., from camp near Sulphur Springs, Va., August 2, 1863, to Miss Lizzie A. Justus now residing on Justice Avenue, Carnegie. Has been in her possession 46 years. Presented to Memorial Hall, January, 1909, by Robert R. Justus Bell, son of Washington Bell. (Item 137) MISSING!

Bone Ring: This ring was made by Geo. P. Craig, a member of Co. C, 101st Regt., Pa. Vols. Inft., while laying in camp at Suffolk, Va. Was made from a beef bone, and sent as a present to his grandmother, Mrs. Marion Hay, of Homewood, Beaver Co., Pa. Was kept by her until her death, when it was returned by her family to Geo. P. Craig, and has been in his possession until 1909, when he presented same to Memorial Hall. (Item 140) MISSING!

Corps Badges: The idea of corps badges had its origin with Gen. Philip Kearney before his death, September 1, 1862. The first application of the badge was known as the Kearney Patch, and was intended to be used by the officers only. In general orders, issued September 4, 1862, by Gen. D. R. Birney, announcing the death of General Kearny, and also ordered the continued wearing of the Kearny Patch in honor of Gen. Phil Kearney, to wear a distinguishing badge extended widely from this simple beginning. Other Divisions of the army had begun to adopt some kind of a badge. On March 21, 1863, Gen. Joseph Hooker, then in command of the Army of the Potomac, promulgated a scheme of army corps badges for the purpose of ready recognition of corps, divisions and brigades of the army, and to prevent injustice by reports of straggling and misconduct through mistake as to their organization. On May 12, 1863, at Falmouth, Va., General Hooker again issued an order showing that the orders issued on March 21, 1863, were not to be a dead letter, and that the badge worn by the troops when lost or torn off must be immediately replaced. Provost marshals will arrest as stragglers, all other troops found without badges, and return them to their commands, under guard. There were twenty-five (25) army corps in the service at different times exclusive of cavalry, engineers and signal corps. The same cause which operated to reduce brigades and divisions naturally decimated corps, so that some of the corps were consolidated, as for example, the first and third corps were merged in the second, fifth and sixth corps in the spring of 1864, at about the same time the eleventh and twelfth corps were united to form the twentieth corps. The formation of army corps was designed by Gen. Joseph Hooker in 1863 to carry out the plan of the three first divisions, to take the National colors, red, white and blue, respectively, and to still carry out the three rules. Each corps was to have three divisions, each division to have three brigades, each brigade to have three regiments. The color of the first division red, the second white and the third blue. Pratt’s light division of the sixth corps was green. The fourth division of the ninth corps was green. (Item 141)

Poem: This poem was composed by Miss Josie S. Sholes, and was read by her at dedication of Soldiers’ monument in Chartiers Cemetery, July 21, 1888. Printed and framed by Joseph Carlisle, Co. I, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols. Presented to Capt. Thos. Espy Memorial Room by Joseph Carlisle, September 13, 1909. (Item 142)

Jeff Davis’ Bond: A photograph copy of the bail bond given by Jefferson Davis, late President of the Confederate States, on May 13, 1867. Secured in Richmond, Va., October 21, 1909, by W. H. H. Lea, late Lieutenant Co. I, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols., while attending the dedication of a monument to his Regiment on the battlefield of Cold Harbor, Va., and presented to Capt. Thos. Espy Post, 153, G.A.R., Memorial Room, November 22, 1909. (Item 143)

Poem: “America’s Sons, Brave and True, Follow Their Flag and Our Country’s Flag Bearers,” composed by Nathaniel Carter Deane, late Company D, 21st Mass. Vol. Infantry. Presented to Capt. Thos. Espy Memorial Room, October, 1909. (Item 144)

 

Edwin M’Masters Stanton: Born 1814, died 1869. The great war secretary of the Civil War from 1862 to 1868, was nominated by General Grant as Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, but died soon afterward. This picture was the property of Christian Steel, late Co. H, 78th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft. After his death, in March, 1910, his wife presented same to Capt. Thos. Espy Memorial Room. (Item 145)

Block of Pine Wood: This block of pine wood was cut from one of the original posts forming the stockade enclosing the Andersonville Prison Pen. Was cut by J. T. Bickell, late Co. D, 39th Ind. Vol. Inft., a member of Capt. Thos. Espy Post, 153, G.A.R., and at the present time keeper of the Andersonville National Cemetery. Was cut from the post in July, 1910, and was given to his son, Charles Bickell, who was on a visit to his father at this time, to be turned over to Capt. Thos. Espy Memorial Room, July, 1910. (Item 146) MISSING!

Organ: Was presented to Capt. Thos. Espy Post, 153, G.A.R., Memorial Room by the First Presbyterian Church of Carnegie, Pa., for use in our Hall and on Memorial Days. Ornate wood casing; approximately 6′ high by 4′ high; 2′ deep; “Loring & Blake, Palace Organ”; manufacturers carpeted pedals; ball and claw adjustable screw stool. (Item 147)

 

 

Cartridge Box: Was issued March 14, 1865, to James Harvey Robb, Company K, 49th Regiment, Pa. Vol. Inft. Was carried by him during his term of service, and has been in his possession 45 years. Presented to memorial Hall by him, July, 1910. (Item 148) MISSING!

Bible: Presented to John S. Armburst, Co. I, 11th Pa. Vet. Vol. Inft., at the time of his enlistment, August 28, 1861, by his father, Jacob Armburst, at Greensburg, Pa. Was in his knapsack when wounded at the second battle of Bull Run, Va. Has been in his possession 48 years. Presented by him to Memorial Hall, 1909. (Item 149) MISSING!

Cartridge Box: Carried by Capt. Thos. E. Kirkbride, Co. B, 102d Regt., Pa. Vet. Vol. Inft. Was for revolver cartridges. Was on his belt when mortally wounded at the battle of the Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864; died May 21, 1864. Was turned over to his wife at General Hospital. Was in her possession until her death. Has been in the possession of his two sons, Chas. and Geo. T. Secured from them for Memorial Hall, 1909. (Item 152) MISSING!

Pin: Crossed pick and shovel, mounted on butternut pin. Was made by Alva Pollock, Co. H, 62d Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., while in winter quarters. The pin was cut by hand from a butternut. The pick and shovel was made from a small pewter dish taken from a Confederate residence while on the march. Was sent home to Amos Holland of Upper St. Clair. After his death, was given by his daughter, Miss Kate Holland, to Miss Poellett of Bridgeville, Pa. At her death, was given to her sister, Mrs. Samuel Patton of Bridgeville, Pa. Was presented by Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Patton to G.A.R. Memorial Hall, 1909. (Item 153) MISSING!

 

Silk Flag: Was presented to the National Lancers, a State Company, afterwards Co. K, 1st Pa. Vol. Cavalry Regiment. The flag was presented to the Company by the ladies of Bridgeville and vicinity on the eve of their departure for Washington, D.C., August, 1861. The presentation was made on the lawn of the present residence of Albert B. Murray, Bridgeville, Pa. The presentation address was made by Rev. C. G. Braddock, then pastor of Bethany Presbyterian Church, Bridgeville, and received on behalf of the company by Lieutenant S. W. Morgan. After receiving the regulation flag from the State, this flag was returned to the home of Capt. Wm. Boyce, then Captain of the company. Has been in the possession of Capt. Boyce’s family until 1910, when it was turned over to John M. Boyce, a member of the Company, to be placed in G.A.R. Memorial Hall, Carnegie, Pa., and was turned over to Memorial Hall by him, January 11, 1911. (Item 154)

Silver Watch: Was owned and carried by Thos. Pasco, Sergt. Co. A, 4th Regt., W. Va. Vol. Inft. Was carried by him daily from June 5, 1861, to July 16, 1865. This watch passed through the campaigns with Gen. Grant at Island No. 10, Fort Donaldson, Vicksburg, Atlanta, Mission Ridge and Kenawsaw Mountain; also with Gen. Sheridan in the Valley of Virginia and the siege of Petersburg. Was in his possession until his death, February 18, 1906. Remaining in the family until 1910, when it was presented to G.A.R. Memorial Hall by Mrs. Thomas Pasco and family. (Item 156) MISSING!

Combination Knife, Fork and Spoon: Were owned and carried by J. B. Fife, Corporal Co. H, 62d Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., from July 4, 1861, to July 13, 1864. The knife can be closed up and carried in the pocket as an ordinary pocket knife. This knife had passed all the campaigns of the Fifth Army Corps to July, 1864, and was in his possession until the time of his death, May 21, 1904. Has been in the possession of his family until February, 1911, when it was presented to Capt. Thos. Espy Post Memorial Hall by Mrs. J. B. Fife and family. (Item 159) MISSING!

Case of Relics: Were collected by Thos. E. Morgan, Co. E, 155th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., while visiting the different battlefields, Gettysburg, Fredericksburg, Petersburg, Wilderness, Chancellorsville, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Richmond and Appomattox. Have been in his possession over 40 years. Presented by him to G.A.R. Memorial Hall, February, 1911. Seashells, rocks, pine cones, doll, etc. (Item 163)

Battle of Shiloh: Presented to G.A.R. Memorial Hall by Thos. E. Morgan, Co. E, 155th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., February, 1911. Print of watercolor, April 6-7, 1862, in gold and black wood frame, 22 1/2″ x 29″. (Item 164)

Martha Washington: Presented to G.A.R. Memorial Hall by Thos. E. Morgan, Co. E, 155th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., February, 1911. Print in wood frame, 23″ x 29″. (Item 165)

Harpers Ferry Flint Lock Musket: This musket was secured by Mr. John H. Deer of 447 Bluff Street, Carnegie, from Etna Council, No. 439, Jr. O.U.A.M., of Sharpsburg, Pa. The musket is stamped Harpers Ferry, Va., 1819. Was presented G.A.R. Memorial Hall by Mr. John H. Deer, March 9, 1911. (Item 166) MISSING!

Sword: This sword was worn by Colonel Walton Dwight, 149th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft. Was worn by the Colonel when wounded in the first day’s fight at Gettysburg, and was taken to the Seminary Building which was used as a hospital for Union soldiers. On the evening of the first day the Confederates had taken possession of the hospital and all that were in it. A Confederate Lieutenant took the Colonel’s sword and belt and buckled it on himself against the Colonel’s protest. On the fourth day of July the Union troops re-entered the hospital, capturing a few Confederate officers in the building, among others was the Lieutenant with this sword, and as he was escaping through a window, he was shot and killed by a Union soldier, falling back on the floor. The sword and belt were taken off him and returned to the Colonel on his couch nearby. When the Colonel returned to his Regiment a few months later, he was unable to do duty, and soon resigned his commission as Colonel. Before leaving for home, he presented the sword to Lieut. John A. Snodgrass, Co. D, 149th Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., who carried the sword to the close of the war. Has been in his possession 48 years. Presented to G.A.R. Memorial Room, March 11, 1911. (Item 167) MISSING!

Admiral George Dewey: Born at Montpelier, Vt., 1837, graduated from Annapolis Naval Academy 1858, served from 1861 to 1865 with Admiral Farragut and Porter. For heroic service at the battle of Manila, May 1, 1898, President Wm. McKinley promoted him from Commodore to Rear Admiral. Presented to G.A.R. Memorial Room by W. H. H. Lea, March 11, 1911. (Item 168)

Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address: Presented to G.A.R. Memorial Room by W. H. H. Lea, March, 1911. The frame was furnished by A. D. Walker, late 1st Sergt. Co. C, 126th Regt., Ohio Vol. Inft. Print in oak frame, 19 1/2″ x 24”. (Item 170)

Morning Report Book: This morning report book of Co. I, 2nd Artillery, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols., for December 1865, and signed by W. H. H. Lea, Lieut., commanding the Company, was brought home by him February 15, 1866, at the time of discharge. Has been in his possession over 45 years. Presented to Memorial Room March 27, 1911. Report book of William G. ? Pa. Vet. Volunteers 2nd Artillery – Dec. 1865; 1″ oak frame, 23 1/2″ x 18″. (Item 171)

Morning Report Book: This morning report book of Co. I, 2nd Artillery, 112th Regt., Pa. Vet. Vols, for October, 1864, was carried and kept by W. H. H. Lea, Orderly Sergeant of Company. Was brought home by him when discharged, February 15, 1866. Has been in his possession 45 years. Presented to G.A.R. Memorial Room, March 27, 1911. Morning Report Book. Co. I, 2nd Artillery, 112th Reg., Pa. Vet. Volunteers Oct. 1864; 1″ wood frame, 23 1/2″ x 18 1/2″. (Item 172)

 

Roll Book: Original roll book of the St. Clair Guards, organized July 4, 1844. Thomas Espy was elected the first Captain. On July 4, 1861, just 17 years after its organization, it became Co. H. 62d Regt., Pa. Vols., with Thos. Espy as its Captain. The book has been in the possession of E. P. Holland, one of the first members of the St. Clair Guards. Was presented by him to Memorial Hall, 1911. (Item 174)

 

Ball and Photograph: The photograph is of Capt. Thos. E. Kirkbride, Co. B, 102d Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., mustered into U.S. service August 19, 1861 as 2nd Lieutenant; promoted to Captain July 19, 1862. In the battle of the Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864, Capt. Kirkbride, while in command of his Regiment, was mortally wounded by this ball. He was taken to the Field Hospital on Wilderness Run, near the old gold mine, where he was for a day or two, then to Chancellorsville, and finally to Fredericksburg, where he was placed in one of the hospitals, where he died, May 21, 1864. This ball was taken from his body before his death. His wife, receiving word of him being wounded, went to see him, when this bullet was turned over to her. Was in her possession until her death in 1867, then passed to the keeping of Mr. and Mrs. John Monsher, parents of Mrs. Kirkbride. At their death, some years later, it passed to the keeping of Charles E. and George T. Kirkbride, sons of Capt. Kirkbride, and was by them presented to G.A.R. Memorial Hall, 1909. (Item 175) MISSING!

Sword and Sash: Was worn by Capt. Thomas E. Kirkbride, Captain Co. B, 102d Regt., Pa. Vol. Inft., at the battle of the Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864, where he was mortally wounded. Died May 21, 1864, in the hospital at Fredericksburg, Va. The sword and sash had passed through the battles of Williamsburg, Va., May 5, 1862; Fair Oaks, May 31 and June 1, 1862; Malvern Hill, Va., July 1, 1862; Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862; Salem Church, Va., May 3, 1863; Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 2 and 3, 1863; Mine Run, October, 1863, and Wilderness, May 5, 1864. Was turned over to Mrs. Kirkbride when she visited the hospital at the time of the Captain’s death. Was in Mrs. Kirkbride’s possession from the death of her husband until her death in 1867. Was then in the possession of Mr. and Mrs. John Monsher, parents of Mrs. Kirkbride. At their death, some years later, it passed to Charles E. and George T. Kirkbride, sons of Capt. Kirkbride, and was by them presented to G.A.R. Memorial Hall, 1909. (Item 176) MISSING!

Springfield Rifle: 1870, cal. 50/70, serial no. 1441; butt plate stamped 58 Bravo; on stock, near top, stamped #20; MISSING cap at end of stock (muzzle cap). Location: Section A. Need magnification for stock cartouche. (Item N1)

Leather Waist Belt: Infantry, enlisted. Poor condition; no buckle; ripped in numerous places; two very large holes where keeper would be; leather is stiff and brittle. Location: Section A, Case 1. (Item N2)

U.S.? Saddle Pockets: both flaps are MISSING, probably cut off. Poor condition; leather brittle and cracked. (Item N3)

 

 

G.A.R. Kepi: #153 on front; leather chin strop and buckle intact; sweatband “E. D. Wilt Manf’r & Dealer in Military Police, Fireman’s Goods & C 72 Smithfield St. Pittsburg, Pa.” Fair condition. Location: Section A, Case 1. Acquired 1985. Belonging to Thomas Pascoe. (Item N4)

 

G.A.R. Membership Certificate: multicolor printing; given to Thomas C. Pascoe – 14 Nov. 1904; has official seal and ribbon, laminated. (Item N5)

 

 

 

G.A.R. Ceremonial Swords: scabbard – no hanger; hilt has leather wired grip. Scabbard stamped 36; no dents on scabbard; blade rusted. Top sword is engraved 36 and bottom sword (see entry below) is engraved 39. (Item N9)

 

Tin Eagle: crossed canons; talons are grasping a sword; looks like it could be color standard; on a brass picture stand. (Item N17)

Horseshoe: metal; with G.A.R. Post on inside; with eagle over crossed muskets over top. (Item N18)

Tin Star: 12″ x 12″ (approximately) with circle which reads “Grand Army of the Republic 1861 – Veteran – 1866″; on edge of star is stamp “[Schwaab ?] Stamp and Seal Co.”; also stamped Milwaukee, WI. (Item N19)

 

 

 

[charter] Rifle, Springfield, 1849: tang is stamped 1852; U.S. stamped on upper side of stock; no serial #; breech of stock stamped V.P.; also stamped P.B.; broken hammerscrew ismissing head; stock is marked “H” (large) just in front of trigger guard; rear stock also has “H” engraving; has ramrod; Enfield bayonet stamped “U.S.” (Item N20)

Musket, Springfield, 182[4?]: lock plate has eagle with U.S. underneath it; trigger guard has “A.H.”; in front; “B” at back end of trigger guard; on stock behind trigger guard “N.C.” is stamped; below “N.C.” is stamped “S.S.” in an oval; missing hammer; on opposite side of lock assembly there is a stamp “S” with “SS” stamped repeated; has ramrod. (Item N21)

Epaulets (two): almost identical to Espy’s; appear to be silver. (Item N23)

 

[poem]

 

 

Poem “Volunteer’s Farewell”: approximately 8″x10″; gold frame. (Item N25)

 

 

 

[canteen]

Canteen: bullseye; on neck is stamped “Hadden Porter & Booth Phila.”; with cork and canvasstrap; no cover. (Item N31)

 

 

 

Sons of Veterans of the U.S.A. Certificate: Capt. Espy Post, Camp #32, Division of Pennsylvania; dated Aug. 29, 1904; framed in oak; ornate; with mat; 2′ x 4′. (Item N36)

 

Watercolor of Eagle: done on wallpaper; 8 1/2″ x 8 1/2″; red eagle, outlined in black; “A. W. Va.” is under the eagle; lettering is 1″; right side damage (5″ x 1″). (Item N37)

[GAR charter]

 

Framed G.A.R. Charter: ornate oak frame, 19 1/2″ x 24″ +; charter granted Phila. 31st Dec. 1879; signed by Dep’t Commander Geo. Lawrence Brown; red seal on lower left corner. (Item N39)

 

 

Framed Photograph “Miss Blanche Gray”: 12″ x 16 1/2″; “Chartier’s [Cen. ?] May 30, 1907″ under photo; elected daughter of Espy Post, Jan. 1907; photo is 6 1/2″ x 9 1/2″; woman holding a newspaper, book ? (Item N40)

 

Framed Four-Page Newspaper: The Sunday Press Magazine Section, May 24, 1903, with feature article “Comrades in the White House.” Exposed page is “The Last Grand Army Man’s Lament,” a drawing of a soldier and a poem by T. Reynolds Williams; wood frame (2 1/2″ wide) 2′ x 27″. (Item N42)

Framed Photograph from 1888: “Survivers of the 61st P. Vols. at the dedication of their monument Gettysburg July 24, 1888.”; photo is faded; wood carved frame; floral motif; frame is 3 3/4″ wide, 27″ x 22″. (Item N43)

Framed New York Herald: extra edition on the death of Lincoln; dated New York, Sat. April 15th, 1865; Hole No. 10459; features portrait of clean shaven Lincoln in center; dark wood frame (3″ wide) 24″ x 27″. (Item N44)

Print: framed print of Union Commanders; Lincoln is in the middle; Hancock seated; the rest are standing; black wood frame. (Item N45)

Gettysburg Address: parchment paper; handwritten, 11 3/8″ x 14 5/8″; modern wood frame, 1/2″ wide; unpainted. (Item N46)

Lord’s Prayer and Another Composition: handwritten copy; Lord’s Prayer is faded badly; inscribed on top “rendered, July, 24, 1822, in Charleston, S.C.”; black wood frame, approximately 12″ x 18″. (Item N47)

Wood Frame: Frame for Item N32, oak, 1 1/2″x 14″ x 21″. (Item N48)

Portrait of Lincoln: copyright 1902 by Thos. Johnson; tag on back: “Dr. James H. Kinney 309 W. Main St. Carnegie, Pa 15106″; framed; gold wood and plaster frame; broken upper right corner; 19″ x 23″ . (Item N49)

 

Print of Woodrow Wilson: dark wood frame; 22″ x 26″. (Item N51)

Soldier’s Memorial: Co. H, 62nd Regt. Pa. Vol, 2nd Brigade 1st Div. 5th Army Corps; published Feb. 1864 by J. C. Fuller & Co., 234 Baltimore Street, Baltimore. Jerrod B. Fife promoted Corp. Sept. 30th, 1862. (Item N52)

Framed Print: “The Birth of Our Nation’s Flag”; oak frame; glass intact; 27″ x 33″. (Item N53)

 

 

Drum with Sticks and Slings: drum is broken (one head);16″ around by 8 1/4″ deep; two white cloth straps; intact; painted (faintly) on body of drum, which is metal. (Item N54)

 

 

Three Ring Union Bullet: .58 caliber, found on the battlefield at Gettysburg, PA, donated by Helen Shick, Life Trustee, Andrew Carnegie Free Library, 29 Feb 2000. (Item N55)

[pistol] [pistol] Colt Army Pistol Model 1860, sr. no. 61612 [67612?]: brass trigger guard 54454, butt 51612. On top of barrel: Address COL. SAML COLT NEW YORK U.S. AMERICA. On cylinder: PAT. SEPT 10TH 1855. This model was extensively used during the Civil War, however it is unknown if this particular weapon was involved in action. Original owner was James A. Miller (photo in exhibition case), who served in the Union Army, was taken prisoner, and suffered from dysentery. Donated by Robert Stauffer, Glenshaw, PA, July 1998. (Item N56)

[drum] Mid-19th Century Drum: manufactured by J. W. Horsthaus & Son, 51 N. 3rd St., Philadelphia, was used in training the St. Clair Guards prior to its mustering into the Civil War as the 62nd Pennsylvania. The militia would meet next to Captain Thomas Espy’s white farmhouse, now the site of St. Gregory Byzantine Catholic Church, 2005 Mohawk Rd., Upper St. Clair. Drum previously in possession of Nancy Philips, great great granddaughter of Captain Espy, who grew up in that farmhouse. Donated by Elizabeth Edwards, May 2006, whose late husband was married to Philips until her death.

 

[kepi]

 

Kepi: worn by Private George B. Forsythe, who was mustered into the Union Army at age 17. With metal GAR pin. Label inside kepi is “GUSKY, The one price, clothier, hatter and furnisher, 300-400 Market St. [no city], Lot ___, Price ___.” Donated by his granddaughters Virginia Forsythe Rye and Wanda Forsythe Clay, May 2006. (Item N57)

 

 

[pin] [pin] Various Medals and Ribbons: belonging to George B. Forsythe and donated by his granddaughters Virginia Forsythe Rye and Wanda Forsythe Clay, May 2006: (Item N58)

  1. pin labeled on back “Official Souvenir, Schwaab S. & S. Co., Milwaukee.” Souvenir of 53rd National GAR encampment, Oct 6-10, 1902 in Washington, D.C. Top of pin has red G, white A, blue R with word “Washington” in front of GAR letters. “Schwaab” also on top of pin. Suspended from pin by small rings is eagle over an oval showing two small figures and U.S. Capitol. Below Capitol is circular bust of Washington (?) and 3 of 5 points of GAR star. Actual pin for attachment to blouse MISSING.
  2. two beige-color ribbons with some fringe: (a) 5″ x 1″ PENNSYLVANIA and (b) 4 1/2″ x 1 1/2″ U.V.L. [Union Veterans Legion] with this monogram and 1861-1865 in shield.
  3. pin with red ribbon “Post 162, Allegheny Penn’a” with overlay of second smaller ribbon similar to National Flag attached to circular medallion depicting GAR badge on white keystone with red background. Ribbons are attached to pin by brass scroll. Longer red ribbon has fringe at bottom. “W & H Co., Newark, N.J.”
  4. pin with shield of UVL and 1861-1865 (made by Panier Bros., 544 Smithfield St., Pittsburgh, Pa. 3 ribbons attached: red “Union,” white “veteran,” and blue “Legion.”
  5. 1 medal with eagle at top and “Souvenir”; attached shield is “Sesqui-Centnnial Celebration 1908, Pittsburgh, Pa.” and “The Seal of the City of Pittsburgh”
  6. metal pin with blue ribbon and gold lettering. Pin has “Pennsylvania Day” attached to top. Gold lettering on ribbon “Vicksburg Miss. March 24th, 1906.” Gold-colored fringe at bottom. White label on rear of ribbon. “J.H. Shaw Co., No. 1326 Arch St, Philadelphia, Pa. manufacturers of badges, buttons, portraits, banners and flags.” Ribbon detached from metal holder with two fragments of ribbon.

Kepi: with numerals 236. (Item N58)

 

 

[rifle]

Trapdoor: post-war conversion of 1861 Springfield rifle with Enfield front band and Enfield cleaning rod, modified as trapdoor breech loader, 1870 date on door, serial 46632. (Item N59)

 

 

Flag: 2 1/2′ x 4′; banner 8 blue stars; 1 gold star in white field; red border.

 

[2 banners]

 

Two banners: Ladies of Thomas Espy Post – G.A.R.; Espy Circle #190.